京都大学ケナン・リファーイー・スーフィズム研究センターおよび京都大学人文科学研究所主催でSpecial Lecture “Transmission of Spiritual Knowledge from Arabia to Northwest China: Ma Laichi Abū al-Futūḥ al-Ṣīnī and his Huasi Menhuan Sufi Order”が、以下のとおり開催されました。
You are cordially invited to a Special Lecture entitled “Transmission of Spiritual Knowledge from Arabia to Northwest China: Ma Laichi Abu al-Futuh al-Sini and his Huasi Menhuan Sufi Order” by Dr. Florian Sobieroj, which will be followed by his explanation about “Project of Cataloguing Arabic Manuscripts [in Germany] (KOHD).”
Date & time: 25th September, 2019, 15:00 -17:00
Speaker: Dr. Florian Sobieroj (Institut für Orientalistik, Indogermanistik, Ur- und Frühgeschichtlicher Archäologie, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena)
Title: “Transmission of Spiritual Knowledge from Arabia to Northwest China: Ma Laichi Abu al-Futuh al-Sini and his Huasi Menhuan Sufi Order”
Venue: Institute for Research in Humanities, the Main Building (1F Seminar Room), Research Bldg. No. 4, Kyoto University
*Access Map for Yoshida Main Campus (No. 38)
*Access Map for Research Bldg. No. 4
Kenan Rifai Center for Sufi Studies, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University
TONAGA Yasushi (Director of Kenan Rifai Center for Sufi Studies, Professor of Kyoto University)
NAKANISHI Tatsuya (Associate Professor of Kyoto University)
In one of the Sino-Arabic manuscripts in possession of the central convent of the Huasi Menhuan in Hezhou (Linxia, Gansu province), there is included a license which the Yemenite Sufi and hadith scholar Muhammad b. Ahmad b. `Aqila al-Makki al-Hanafi (d. 1150/1737) issued to the Chinese Sufi Ma Laichi 馬來遲 Abu al-Futuh `Abd al-Halim (1681-1766). The ijaza authorizes Ma Laichi to propagate Islam in China in the interpretation of the Naqshbandiyya Sufi order. The Arabic manuscript text confirms the claim of a transmission of spiritual knowledge from `Aqila to Laichi as is implied by inclusion of their names among the authorities mentioned in various liturgical texts used within the Tariqa al-Huasi. The proposed lecture will include a short discussion of the ijaza and it will also consider the other Sufi texts reported to have been transmitted by `Aqila to his Chinese disciple, entitled Minshar, Mawlud (Mawlid) and Awrad. Besides trying to identify the contents of the transmission, the main objective of this lecture is to show that the study of the rich legacy of Sino-Arabic manuscript culture can deepen our understanding of Chinese Sufism.
The outline of Ma Laichi’s biography, constituting the backbone of this lecture, will be based mainly on the relevant chapter of Ma Tong’s presentation of the Chinese Sufi orders and on a relevant article of Jianping Wang. For the examination of the scholarly networks in the Hijaz and South Arabia which `Aqila and, through him, Laichi took part in, I have made use of a small number of Arabic manuscripts of the Bavarian state library in Munich and I have drawn methodological inspiration from John Voll’s study on 18th century revivalism in Islam. The biographical account will be supplemented by material taken from the hagiographical works of the Jahriyya Sufi order (K. al-Jahri, Manaqib; Rashahat) – in part published as facsimile manuscripts – which focuses on the relationship between the two Sufis, Ma Laichi and Ma Mingxin 馬明心. The controversy over the correct mode of performing the remembrance of God (dhikr), traditionally depicted as the stone of contention separating the two masters, will be touched upon in this context. Besides the written sources, the oral tradition of Ma Laichi’s family, scripturalized only in 2005 by his descendants, the Daozu houyi 道祖后裔, in the form of a Chinese-language booklet entitled Huasi menhuan daozu, will also be tapped.
Short Biography of Dr. Florian Sobieroj:
Florian Sobieroj is active as a cataloguer of Arabic manuscripts in the research project KOHD (Union Catalogue of Oriental Manuscripts in German Collections) under the auspices of the G?ttingen Academy of Sciences (start of employment was in 1995).
He has published four catalogues in the Union Catalogue series (VOHD XVIIB 8, 9, 12, XXXVII5), including descriptions of Arabic as well as some Persian and Turkish Mss. of the Bavarian state library of Munich and of some major collections of the German federal state of Thuringia.
Sobieroj has studied oriental languages and history of religion at Freiburg university (he attained his PhD in 1991) and worked as a lecturer of Arabic and Islamic studies at Victoria University of Manchester, U.K. (1993-95), and as a replacement professor at the German universities of Tübingen, Erlangen and Jena (he obtained his venia legendi, “Habilitation”, in 2004).
Besides cataloguing and digitizing Islamic Mss. he takes an interest in Sufism, focusing on its manifestations in Arabic and Persian language literature. He has written a number of articles and books on manuscript studies and Islamic mysticism, including an editio princeps of one of the works of al-Qushayri (2012; his translation of the Arabic mystical text has been published in 2017).
Sobieroj also studies Sufism in China (his article “The construction of the sanctity of Ma Mingxin” has been published in Asia 2016. 70 (1) and his article on the spiritual practice of the Naqshbandiyya-Jahriyya of northwest China in ZDMG 2019). His book publication Variance in Arabic Manuscripts (De Gruyter, 2016, SMC 5) also includes some excursuses on Chinese Islam.
This seminar is held under the auspices of
Kenan Rifai Center for Sufi Studies, Kyoto University（KR）;
Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University;
Center for Islamic Area Studies, Kyoto University (KIAS)；
Center for Islamic Studies at Sophia University （SIAS）；
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) “Structural Comprehension of Islamic Mysticism: Investigation into Sufism, Tariqa, Saint Cults Complex” (JSPS, Kyoto University);
Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) “Anthropological Studies on Veneration of Saints and Holy Relics in the Mediterranean World” (JSPS, Sophia University); Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University.
フローリアン・ソビーロイ（Florian Sobieroj）氏に、ドイツのゲッティンゲン自然・人文科学アカデミー主催の、東洋写本カタログ化プロジェクト、KOHD (Union Catalogue of Oriental Manuscripts in German Collections)についてご紹介いただいた後、中国西北部のスーフィー教団、華寺門宦についてご講演いただいた。氏は、まず、華寺門宦の創始者、馬來遅の経歴について話された。とくに彼がメッカで師事した、Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Aqilaの道統や学統（ナクシュバンディー、シャーズィリー、カーディリーの道統、ハディース学統、イブン・アラビー学統）を、ドイツ所蔵のアラビア語写本史料などにもとづいて明らかにし、加えて後者が前者に発給したイジャーザ（免許皆伝・布教許可書）について解説された。このイジャーザは、中国の民間所蔵史料であり、氏が偶然に発見したものだという。また、馬來遅がメッカで師事したその他のムスリム学者たちの素性、中国帰国後の馬來遅の足取り、彼とジャフリーヤ教団の創始者、馬明心との関係を、先行研究やジャフリーヤのアラビア語聖者伝（Kitab al-JahriやManaqib）によって説明された。最後に、Minshar、Mada’ih、Mawludといった、華寺やジャフリーヤで使用されている祈祷書についても、解説を加えられた。総じて、氏のご講演は、従来史料的な限界から停滞していた、中国イスラームとヒジャーズのウラマー・ネットワークとの関係に関する研究を一歩前進させる、大変貴重なものであった。
（文責：中西 竜也 京都大学人文科学研究所）